About Adam Young

Once upon a time I was an Army Officer, but that was long ago. Now I work as a Software Engineer. I climb rocks, play saxophone, and spend way too much time in front of a computer.

Syncing and Serving Yum Repos on RHEL 8

My Lab machines do not have direct access to the internet. This mirrors how my customers tend to run their environments. Instead, I run a single bastion host that can connect to the internet, and use that to perform all operations on my lab machines.

While it is great to be able to use the Install media to add packlages to PXE booted systems, after some time, the set of packages available is older than you want. For example, I hit a bug that required an update of Network Manager. So, I want to make a local yum repo from my RHEL 8 subscription. RHEL 8 makes this fairly easy.

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Talking to FreeIPA with python-requests

The code that Rich M gave me a while back has bit rotted. At some point, I need to get an updated version, but until then, I can continue to talk to the FreeIPA server using Python and the Requests library. In the future, I can get a session cookie, but for now, python3-request-gssapi will work to authenticate me, provided I have a valid TGT.

I pulled the requests-gssapi library from Koji, as it does not currently ship in any of the RHEL8 repos. Here is the one I installed.


Note that this quick-and-dirty code runs on the IPA server itself. A better approach would be to read the Server name out of /etc/ipa/default.conf.

import requests
from requests_gssapi import HTTPSPNEGOAuth
import socket
hostname = socket.gethostname()
url = "https://%s/ipa/json" % hostname
referer =  "https://%s/ipa" % hostname
body = {"method":"user_find","params":[[""],{}],"id":0}
r = requests.post(url,
                  json = body,
                  headers = {
                    'Content-Type': 'application/json',
                    'Accept': 'applicaton/json',
                    'referer': referer})
if r.status_code  == 200:

Network Policy to Explicitly Allow access from all Namespaces

The Default network policy in OpenShift allows all access from all pods in all namespaces via the cluster IP. However, once you start enforcing policy on a project, all policy decision need to be made explicit. If you want to still allow access from all projects, you can use the following policy file.

kind: NetworkPolicy
apiVersion: networking.k8s.io/v1
  name: allow-all-namespaces
  - from:
    - namespaceSelector: {}

Deploying a Minimalistic Flask Application to OpenShift

Some colleagues and I were discussing the network access policy of OpenShift. I realized it would be very helpful to have a trivial app that I could deploy to OpenShift that would then try to make a call to another service. So I wrote it using Python3 and Flask. Now that I have it working, I want to deploy it in OpenShift, again, in a trivial manner.

I would not deploy a Flask App into production without a Web server to front it. But that is what I am going to do for this test app.

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18 Triadic Permutations

I use the term permutations loosely here. But for any given chord inversion, there are 6 variations of the tones in the pitch you can play in order to play each tone once. What makes this an impure use of the term permutations is that the second and third notes of the sequence can go both above the starting note in one variation, and below it in another.

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